Welcome to Loy Krathong Festival
in Hua-Hin 2012
The history of Loi Krathong festival
Loi Krathong festival is a Thai tradition which has been conducted for a long time ago.
Loi Krathong has been held since the middle of the eleventh to the middle of the twelfth lunar month, which is a great flood season- especially on the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month.
When the moon shines at night, it makes rivers clear. It is very beautiful scenery which is suitable for floating krathong.
In the past, we called Loi Krathong as Chong Pa Rieng- floating lantern of royal ceremony. It is a Brahman festival to worship Gods- Siva, Vishnu, and Brahma. When Thai people adopted Buddhism, they adapted this ceremony to honour the Buddhas cremated bone- the original Buddha at the second heaven ruler. They floated lantern to worship the footprint of the Buddha on Nammathanati River beach in India.
Floating krathong along the river was created by Nang Noppamas; the most favourite concubines Sukhothai king. She made krathong as lotus-shaped. The king of Sukhothai floated it along the river. According to Sri Chula Lucks treatise, Phra Ruang (Sukhothai king) said From now on, on the full moon night of the twelfth now on, on the full moon night of the twelfth lunar month, kings of Siam have to make floating lantern- like lotus-shaped- to worship the footprint of the Buddha on Nammathanati River for ever after.
Interesting stories about Loi Krathong
There are many legends of Loi Krathong:
Reasons for Loi Krathong
We can conclude the reasons for Loi Krathong in Thailand that:-
Krathong could be made from anything else such as banana leaves, banana trunks, coconut barks, paper, and etc. Stuck with incense stick and candle to make a wish and float it in the river.
In Rattanakosin period, people often made big and beautiful krathong. According to Chao Phraya Dhipharachawongs historical annals said:-
In the twelfth lunar month on 14 and 15 waxing moon, I ask for members of the royal family and civil servants making big-sized krathongs- look like banana trunk rafts, they size 8-9 sauk width (an ancient Thai measure of length) and 10-11 sauk tall. They make for contesting each other. For example, some imitate krathong as Mount Mem - shaped and others make krathong as basket decorated with flowers. There are a lot of people to do these so they use a lot of money- about 20 chung (an ancient measure of weight).
Nowadays, Loi Krathong festival is held in mostly Thai provinces. Particularly in Chiang mai, it has krathong parade, competition of making krathongs, and Noppamas beauty pageants contest.
The villagers in northern and north eastern parts of Thailand often float lanterns. They are made of color paper. If they float in the afternoon, they will use smoke for floating lanterns while they use torch to set smoke in lanterns to float them in wind chill at night. We
can see the light from lantern in the sky with moonshine and stars glitter at night, which is very beautiful.
Loi Krathongs history in Thailand
Loi Krathong in Thailand originated in Sukhothai period as Loy Phra Pra Teip or Loy Khom (floating lantern). It is a festival of Thai people. After that, Noppamas- the most favourite concubines Sukhothai king - created krathong, like lotus-shaped, for floating in the river. Instead of floating lantern, it used for worshipping the footprint of Buddha at Nammathanati River beach in Thakkhinabodh district, India. As we called Nehrabhuddha river.
Loi Krathong at the present
Nowadays, Thai people still keep form suitably; on the full moon of thetwelfth, people usually prepare natural materials to make krathong. For example, they use banana trunk and, lotus to make beautiful krathong then stick candle, incense stick, and flowers in krathong. They always ask for good luck in the future and forgiveness Pra Mae Khongkha.
At the temples and tourist places, they held competition of making krathong and Noppamas beauty pageants contest. There are many entertainment shows at night. Moreover, they set cautiously fireworks. The materials, used for making krathong, could be easily decomposed.